Sometimes when doing arithmetic, it is better to "saturate" (or clamp) numbers that overflow to the maximum possible value rather than wrap around.
Write a function that will convert an unsigned 32-bit number to 16 bits. If the 32-bit number is too big to fit, saturate (or clamp) the output to the maximum possible unsigned 16-bit value.
unsigned short saturate(unsigned int n);
Expected solution length: Around 3 lines.
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